雷丁大学 英国在怀孕和产妇歧视之后的执法和争端解决:孕妇和新母亲的经历学博士
Times 英国大学排名: 40 QS世界大学排名: 205
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£ 599.00
学校将收取的第三方申请费: £ 0.00
期望入学年份
期待入学月份
课程信息
课程等级: 博士
课程时长: 36 月
入学时间: 九月
学费(每年): £16,070.00
It is estimated that 77% of working mothers in the UK have a negative or possibly discriminatory experience during pregnancy, maternity or when returning to work and that annually as many as 54,000 mothers feel forced to leave their jobs as a result of such behaviour (EHRC/BIS, 2016). Pregnancy and maternity related discrimination is not a new phenomenon but more women are now being made redundant or feeling forced to leave their jobs than was the case a decade ago (EOC, 2005). Moreover, it is increasing despite the fact that policy makers have, for many years, espoused a commitment to promoting work / family reconciliation (see e.g. Lewis and Campbell 2007) and offered fairly solid formal legal protection to those who are subjected to this type of discrimination (James 2007 and 2009). Of particular relevance to this PhD project, the 2016 EHRC/BIS investigation shows that very few - 28% of those who experience discrimination or disadvantage of this type - discuss the issue with their employer and only 3% ever make a formal complaint (EHRC/BIS, 2016 – experiences of mothers p145). A 2016 inquiry conducted by the Women and Equalities Committee (W&Eq Com) discussed this ‘enforcement gap’, noting how the burden always rests with the individual complainants and concluded that the Government has a ‘clear responsibility to ensure that pregnancy and maternity discrimination laws are better enforced’ (W&Eq Com 2016, p44). Yet, in its responses to these investigations, the Government has rejected calls for legal reform (in particular, calls to extend the time limit for bringing legal action in these cases) stating that there is ‘no evidence’ to suggest that there is such a need (Government response to EHRC p12). This PhD project will explore in detail what motivates and/or restricts the behaviour of this particularly vulnerable cohort of workers following workplace disputes of this nature and what can be done to help enforce the law. The research will also add to our understanding of the process by which conflicts in general are transformed into legal disputes (e.g. Felstiner et.al., 1980-81), issues of access to justice and why people ‘go to law’ (e.g. Genn 1999) and develop our understanding of the gendered nature of employment law and the impact of such processes/laws on issues of gender equality (James 2009), identity and wellbeing (e.g. see Clisby and Holdsworth 2016).
Funding Notes
The successful applicant would be expected to hold a Masters degree (or equivalent) in a socio-legal discipline at least at Merit level.

Students need to be self-funded, although the University does offer some regional bursaries.
More information can be found here: http://www.reading.ac.uk/graduateschool/funding-and-fees/gs-funding-and-fees.aspx.

Support is available for the candidate to apply for UKRC funding: http://www.reading.ac.uk/graduateschool/choose-reading/gs-dtps-and-dtcs.aspx.
申请文件
护照信息页
所有英国签证和BRP卡(如有)
学历证书 毕业证书,学位证书,中英文对照的在读证明。
语言成绩单 主要指雅思成绩单。
成绩单 申请时需提交前置所有成绩单,当前课程完成后补交最终完整成绩单。
个人陈述(PS) 申请人对自己情况的整体概述。文书材料可免费修改一次,如有必要可与文书老师直接联系
两封推荐信 学术推荐信为最佳,如有工作经验可提供工作或实习推荐信。
资格和获奖证书 申请人获得的较高水平的资质或奖励证明。
工作或实习证明 已经工作或参加过实习的申请人需要提供工作或实习证明。
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  2. 所有文件需为英文或中英文对照模式。如只有中文件,可前往 材料翻译购买翻译业务。
  3. 以上材料并不是全部必须提供,具体以客户经理要求为准。
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